This artifact is a prehistoric #bead mad

This artifact is a prehistoric #bead made from rolled #copper. It was the only example of such an artifact excavated from Ocmulgee National Monument during 2001 investigations which preceded the construction of a pedestrian overpass. This area, referred to as the Middle Plateau, revealed numerous phases of occupation stretching from the Archaic period through the establishment of a historic trading post in the early 18th century. The bead was found in a feature along with chert and quartzite debitage. Based on the evidence found during excavations, the bead likely predates the establishment of the trading post and could date as early as the Early Mississippian period, approximately 1000 years ago. The Early Mississippian peoples used a wide variety of artifact types for both #daily and #ceremonial activities, including metals like copper. To make the bead, the copper was first flattened into a thin sheet and then rolled to produce the round shape of the bead. This was more economical than producing a thicker, solid copper bead.

SEAC ACC 1683, FS 103.7
Catalogue #: OCMU 59312

This artifact is one half of a #musket b

This artifact is one half of a #musket ball #die made of soapstone, also known as steatite. It was found during a 1998 survey project at Guilford Courthouse National Military Park. The survey took place over three years of study between 1995 and 1998 and was designed to get a better understanding of the #British and #American battle lines at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, which took place on March 15, 1781. This artifact has been dated to the Revolutionary War Period. The #mold is hand carved and produces a musket ball with a caliber of 0.69. Musket balls were typically cast in iron or brass molds which could produce up to eight lead balls at a time, but homemade molds were occasionally used in the field. The mold could have been carried onto the battlefield by a soldier.

The top metal piece is an iron and brass

The top metal piece is an iron and brass #pocket #watch #key excavated from within the Andersonville Prison at Andersonville National Historic Site in 2007. The key was used to wind the watch and set the time. The small brass strip below it was excavated from within the same unit and may also be a part of a pocket watch. The #prison, originally officially named Camp Sumter, was established in 1864 to house Union #POWs during the Civil War. The prison held more than 45,000 soldiers over the course of 14 months, and more than 13,000 of these soldiers died during their imprisonment.
ANDE 2111
FS 38.3 and 18.6, Catalogue # ANDE 4843 and 4768

These #projectile #points were recovered

These #projectile #points were recovered as part of a 2003 survey of a field southwest of the Mount Locus Inn, which is located in #Mississippi at mile marker 15 on the Natchez Trace Parkway. The Parkway is 444 miles long and stretches through Mississippi, #Alabama, and #Tennessee. The general area of the field contains a number of culturally significant features, including a natural knoll used as a mound during the Coles Creek period from 600-800 AD, a slave cemetery known as the Chamberlain Cemetery, and the Inn itself, which was constructed in 1780. The 2003 project began with a #geophysical #survey, and then archeologists used this information to excavate several test units to help with the interpretation of the results. Based on evidence from this investigation and previous investigations conducted at the site, archeologists believe this was the site of a Native American village which contained at least seven structures. The top row of projectiles belongs to the Collins type, which dates from approximately 500 to 1000 AD.  The projectiles on the middle row are untyped, and the two on the bottom row are abandoned preforms. The high concentration of lithic artifacts suggests that tool production was taking place at the site.