Episode 004 – 15 Questions with an Archeologist: Mellissa Baier

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Missy Baire from the Buffalo National River sits down to answer our 15 questions.

Check out this episode of 15 Questions with an Archeologist!

These three artifacts were carved from #

These three artifacts were carved from #animal bones to form a vial, a tube, and a finial, respectively. The artifacts were excavated during a project at 419 Rue Decatur in Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve. The #house had been purchased by the National Park Service to serve as the headquarters and visitor center for the park. Some of the buildings on the property had been damaged by termites and required extensive reconstruction. During the restoration process, extensive archeological remains related to previous buildings and occupations were discovered. Artifacts like these help reveal the locations of buildings and trash pits, how the #residents lived their lives, and what standard of living they enjoyed. In addition to these #bone artifacts, archeologists also recovered a dozen bone buttons.
SEAC ACC 1355
http://ow.ly/i/5Cosx http://ow.ly/x1bYU

This artifact is a prehistoric #bead mad

This artifact is a prehistoric #bead made from rolled #copper. It was the only example of such an artifact excavated from Ocmulgee National Monument during 2001 investigations which preceded the construction of a pedestrian overpass. This area, referred to as the Middle Plateau, revealed numerous phases of occupation stretching from the Archaic period through the establishment of a historic trading post in the early 18th century. The bead was found in a feature along with chert and quartzite debitage. Based on the evidence found during excavations, the bead likely predates the establishment of the trading post and could date as early as the Early Mississippian period, approximately 1000 years ago. The Early Mississippian peoples used a wide variety of artifact types for both #daily and #ceremonial activities, including metals like copper. To make the bead, the copper was first flattened into a thin sheet and then rolled to produce the round shape of the bead. This was more economical than producing a thicker, solid copper bead.

SEAC ACC 1683, FS 103.7
Catalogue #: OCMU 59312
http://ow.ly/i/5CnZh http://ow.ly/x1aHl

This artifact is one half of a #musket b

This artifact is one half of a #musket ball #die made of soapstone, also known as steatite. It was found during a 1998 survey project at Guilford Courthouse National Military Park. The survey took place over three years of study between 1995 and 1998 and was designed to get a better understanding of the #British and #American battle lines at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, which took place on March 15, 1781. This artifact has been dated to the Revolutionary War Period. The #mold is hand carved and produces a musket ball with a caliber of 0.69. Musket balls were typically cast in iron or brass molds which could produce up to eight lead balls at a time, but homemade molds were occasionally used in the field. The mold could have been carried onto the battlefield by a soldier. http://ow.ly/i/5CnNA http://ow.ly/x19Yz